me, myself, I …
|I||I am a student.|
|You||You are a student.|
|He||He is a student.|
|She||She is a student.|
|It||It is a student.|
|We||We are a students.|
|You (plural)||You are students.|
|They||They are students.|
- Demonstrative pronouns – “These are so cool!” (these, those, this, that, and such)
- Indefinite pronouns – “Nobody is in the house.” (few, everyone, all, some, anything, and nobody)
- Interrogative pronouns – (who, whom, which, what, whoever, whomever, whichever, and whatever)
- Personal pronouns
- Object pronouns – (me, you, him, her, it, them, us, you pl.)
- Subject pronouns – (I, you, he, she, it, they, us, you pl.)
- Possessive pronouns – (my, your, his, her, its, their, our, your pl.)
- Reflexive pronouns – (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, ourselves, yourselves, oneself)
- Intensive pronouns – “He did it himself.”
- Relative pronouns – (who, whom, which, whoever, whomever, whichever, and that)
|The painting looks nice.||This looks nice.|
|The car over there is a beautiful machine!||That is a beautiful machine!|
|The cookies smell great!||These smell great!|
|The cupcakes in the window look delicious.||Those look delicious|
That and those are used to refer to things farther away.
She is good at everything.
I don’t see anybody.
It’s dark. I can’t see anything.
Where is everybody? As you can see above, these words are also often used to make exaggerations.
We use indefinite pronouns ending in -thing to refer to objects, whereas those ending in -body are used for people.
For more on indefinite pronouns, including the words neither, both, such, none and all, see Wikipedia.
Who is your friend?
Whom did you tell?
Which bicycle is yours?
Personal Pronouns (object and subject pronouns)
|Subject Pronoun||Object Pronoun|
She gave her a glass of water.
They told us a funny story.
That’s his. That’s his hat.
That’s hers. That’s her hat.
That’s its. That’s its hat.
That’s ours. That’s our hat.
That’s theirs. That’s their hat.
Reflexive Pronouns (and Intensive Pronouns)
They wrote themselves letters.
One should not In both of the above cases, the subjects (“He” and “They”) both give and receive the action. The reflexive pronouns (“himself” and “themselves”) receive the action of the verbs. Reflexive pronouns are used together with reflexive verbs, but are not very common in English.
Intensive PronounsSome people separate reflexive pronouns from intensive pronouns. While they have the same exact forms as the reflexive pronouns above (-self and -selves), they are used differently: He built the house himself.
I ate the whole pizza myself.
She herself wrote the essay. Intensvie pronouns are used to stress or emphasize that the subject did something alone (without help from others). The intensive pronoun can come either directly after the subject or at the end of the sentence.
That’s the woman whom you spoke with.
The bike, which was unlocked, was stolen.
The boy ate the pizza that was left over.